Here are samples of the very same accounts which Kenneth's favorite authors are using to claim that the English allegedly "refused" to execute her and therefore played no role in her trial or execution. The reader can see how ironic and dishonest such a claim is in relation to the actual testimony:
From the first preliminary deposition of Friar Isambart de la
Pierre, who had taken part in Joan's trial as one of the assessors:
"...and although the secular lay judge was present at the same location in which she was preached to for the last time and given up to secular justice, nevertheless she had been given into the executioner's hands and burned without any judgement or verdict from the aforesaid judge, merely saying to the executioner 'Do your duty', without any other judicial sentence."
From the deposition of Jean Riquier, priest of Rouen:
"She was given up by the clergy, and I immediately saw that the sergeants and English soldiers took her and brought her straight to the place of execution, and I didn't see any sentence handed down by the secular judge."
From the first preliminary deposition of Friar Martin Ladvenu, another
"When she was preached to for the last time in the Old Market and abandoned to secular justice, despite the fact that the secular judges were seated on a platform [i.e., in the place of execution] nevertheless she was never sentenced by any of these judges, but rather she was forced to descend from the platform by two sergeants without being condemned, and brought by the aforesaid sergeants to the place where she was to be burned, and given into the hands of the executioner by these men."
And from his third deposition:
"... after she was abandoned by the Church, she was taken by English soldiers, being present there in large numbers, and without any sentence from the secular judges although the Bailiff of Rouen and the council of the secular court were in attendance there."
From the first preliminary deposition of Jean Massieu, the bailiff:
"... I was greatly pressed by the English, and especially by some of their commanders, to give her into their hands in order to send her to her death more quickly; saying to me - who was comforting her as best I could on the scaffold - "What, priest, will you have us dine here?" And immediately, without any formal procedure or reading of the sentence, they sent her to the fire, saying to the executioner: 'Do your duty'".
These are a sample of the eyewitness accounts which mention the lack of a secular sentence: the reader can see that they clearly describe an English-dominated trial, presided over by English officials and soldiers, in which the very same secular judge who failed to hand down a final sentence was himself among those presiding over the execution rather than being "opposed" to it as Kenneth and his authors claim.
Translations copyright © 2003, Allen Williamson All rights reserved.